In the United States of America, the Education Department doesn’t supervise the hundred thousand public schools that are run all over the country. On the other hand, some of the States have some supervision of the schools but the central control is through distinct municipalities, because they happen to be the legal body that is accountable for the schools running properly and smoothing and is also responsible for a large part of the money that is used for this purpose in terms in dollars.
The government makes use of an intricate and complex system of mechanisms for funding of the public schools as well as the policy objectives and directives. It also decides what the students learn, and how they learn and where they learn. Sometimes when administrations change the school policies and the federal guidelines can also change, and each of this will directly or indirectly affect the school policies and that of its students. As far as the United States is concerned, schools have always been a significant concern for the government. Many students are not aware of the role of the government in their school, and this has led the need for both history and civics classes to orient the students on the part of the federal government in deciding on the education policies for the education system in the US. It is also essential for students to be aware of their government’s role in the education process and its prominence in the Constitution. The states of the US have a vital role to play when it comes to education policies.
Role Of Amendments In Education
As far as the 10 Amendment is concerned, it should be noted that this amendment was given more importance when compared to the 14th amendment prior to 1965 when the involvement of the federal government in school education from K to 12 was very negligible. Way back in the early 19th century, the various states were able to get into the process of implementing reforms for the education policy. Therefore,
- The primary aim of these reforms to set up an educational system that was unbiased, non-sectarian and free.
- National legislation for this was targeting on getting a higher education system in place.
- The Morrill Act of 1862, for instance, has been able to establish colleges whose focus was on agriculture as well as engineering.
- To establish these colleges it used the money that it received from the sale proceeds of public land.
It is, therefore, necessary to ensure that the federal government and the education system of the US are deeply involved with each other through the constitution. Education plays a direct role in the lives of all citizens both directly and indirectly. Hence the education policies and objectives that are laid out by the federal government should be one that ensures that the there is no lapse when it comes to framing the right policy as far as education is concerned. The role of the federal government in the education policy should be both relevant and useful for the education department.